Ibn Sina or Abu Ali Sina was a genius Iranian scientist who is famous worldwide. The skill of this great sage in all sciences, especially medicine, is very surprising and remarkable. Abu Ali Hussein bin Abdullah bin Hassan bin Ali bin Sina, known as Abu Ali Sina (commonly known in the West as Avicenna), is one of the most famous and influential philosophers and scientists of Iran and of course the world. Sharaf al-Mulk, Hujjat al-Haq, al-Sheikh al-Ra’is, Ibn-Sino, Bu Alī Sīnā, and All-Knowing, are among the titles of this great scientist.
Bu Ali Sina was a great physician, mathematician, astronomer, physicist, chemist, geographer, geologist, poet, logician, and philosopher. He surprisingly mastered all these sciences at a young age. To learn about the biography of Bo Ali Sina, stay with Rumicademy in the rest of the article.
Brief description of Abu Ali Hussein bin Abdullah bin Hassan bin Ali bin Sina biography, known as Ibn Sina
- Born: persian 980, June 1037 CE
- Died: 22 June 1037 (aged 56–57)
- Mausoleum: Hamadan, Iran
- Religion: Muslim
- His formal Arabic name: Abū ʿAlī al-Ḥusayn bin ʿAbdullāh ibn al-Ḥasan bin ʿAlī bin Sīnā al-Balkhi al-Bukhari
- Profesion: one of the most significant physicians, astronomers, philosophers, and writers of the Islamic Golden Age
- works he is believed to have written: 450
- works that have survived from him: 240
- His most famous work: The Book of Healing (a philosophical and scientific encyclopedia)
- Writings: about astronomy, alchemy, geography and geology, psychology, Islamic theology, logic, mathematics, physics, and works of poetry
Who is Ibn Sina?
Abu Ali Sina was a great Iranian physician, philosopher, thinker and writer who has a worldwide reputation. Many of his works, especially in the field of medicine, were taught in European universities for centuries.
This great sage is considered the most effective figure in the science and philosophy of the Islamic world. From the beginning of his childhood, he had a strange talent and competence in learning different sciences.
Ibn Sina was without a doubt the most famous Iranian Muslim scientist. Who was able to make changes in most of the sciences of his time and to register his name in the history of many sciences.
The fame of this great scientist is not limited to Iran and certain sciences such as philosophy and logic. Rather, he had amazing and amazing skills in all sciences, especially medicine. Therefore, it is considered the pride of all Iranians and the world.
Biography of Abu Ali Sina
Avicenna’s Early life
Abu Ali Sina is a great Iranian sage, philosopher, physician and scientist who was born in the month of Safar in the year 370 AH in the city of Bukhara. This great sage is known in the western world as Avicenna and nicknamed “Prince of Physician”. In addition to Sheikh al-Raees, other titles such as Hujjat al-Haq and Sharaf al-Mulk have been given to him.
Abu Ali Sina had a strange and special talent in learning different sciences from the very beginning of his childhood. Since his father Abdullah worked hard for his education and his house was a meeting place for various scholars, Ibn Sina learned the entire Qur’an and grammar until he was 10 years old, and after that he started learning logic and mathematics.
Abu Ali Sina’s father was from Balkh, and during the reign of Noah II, who was considered one of the Samani kings, he came from Balkh to Bukhara and became an employee of the property of Khorramthin village in Bukhara.
He married a girl named Setara from the village of Afshaneh, which was located near Khorramthin. They named their first child Hussein, which is Abu Ali Sina. Five years after Ibn Sina, his younger brother, Mahmud, was born.
Ibn Sina’s education
Ibn Sina had an amazing and extraordinary memory and intelligence. At the age of 14, he surpassed his teacher and that’s why everyone was fascinated by his intelligence.
Ibn Sina learned the science of logic from his teacher, Abu Abdullah Natali. He studied natural sciences, metaphysics, and medicine under his teacher Abu Sohail Meshee.
In his youth, he saved Amir Nouh Samani from a serious illness. That’s why the Amir allowed the king allowed him to use the magnificent library that was reserved for the Samani princes. When Abu Ali Sina reached the age of 18, he no longer needed to learn any science! Because he was a master in all the sciences of his time and only tried to understand what he had learned.
The death of the father and the ups and downs of Ibn Sina’s life
Bu Ali Sina lost his father when he was 22 years old. After the death of his father, he faced many difficulties and experienced a life full of ups and downs. Ibn Sina spent most of his life in long journeys from one city to another.
He experienced many incidents such as wandering in the desert and getting lost in the desert. He had to leave Bukhara for Jurjaniyeh and then Gorgan due to the turmoil of the political situation in the Trans-Nahar.
One of Abu Ali Sina’s dreams was to meet with Qaboos bin Vashamgir (a famous supporter of science and literature) in Jurjan; But when Ibn Sina reached Jurjan, Qaboos had passed away. This issue isolated Ibn Sina for several years, until he left for Shahr-e-Rey in 405 and 406 AH.
He lived in a remote village for a few years of his life, and for a while he was promoted to the sultan’s ministry and lived in the court. But he was accused of treason in the ministry and was imprisoned in the government prison. Then he secretly escaped from prison and went to Isfahan.
Abu Ali Sina suffered many hardships during his life. His livelihood was provided by his skill in various sciences, especially medicine. During his life, Abu Ali Sina wrote many books and even started building an observatory.
The works of Ibn Sina
Hakim Ibn Sina has written 450 books in various fields, many of which are related to medicine, wisdom and philosophy. Since Arabic was the common language of scientific works in that period, Ibn Sina and other Iranian scientists of that time wrote most of their books in Arabic. But later, some of these works were translated into other languages, including Persian and English.
It is interesting to know that he is the only sage whose most of his works have remained and many of them have been published. Ibn Sina is the author of Kitab Shefa or The Book of Healing (a comprehensive scientific and philosophical encyclopedia).
The Canon of Medicine (a medical encyclopedia) which is one of the most famous works in the history of medicine, is also considered one of the works of this great scientist. In general, among the most important works of Ibn Sina, we can mention Shafa, Law of Medicine, Al-Isharat and Al-Tanbihat fi al-Muntiq wal-Hikmah and many other Persian and Arabic treatises.
Abu Ali Sina had special expertise in Persian literature and more than 20 Persian works are attributed to him. Among the most important of them, we can mention the attribution of Ala’i encyclopedia and treatise on pulse.
One of Ibn Sina’s characteristics in medicine is his clinical observations about various diseases, the most important of which are skin disorders, lung diseases, nervous disorders and types of insanity.
Mathematics and astronomy
Ibn Sina had a very special place in mathematics and astronomy. Part of Shafa’s book is about making observation instruments and part is about mathematics, which includes four parts: geometry, arithmetic, music, and composition.
In the section of mathematics, Ibn Sina has examined and analyzed the principles of Euclid in The book of Healing. Among the valuable initiatives of this great scientist in astronomy, we can mention the construction of observational measurement instruments, which is very remarkable.
Some of Ibn Sina’s important works in the field of mathematics include The book of Healing (third part), al-Zawiya or research on the basics of geometry, treatise on music, al-falak wal-manazel or al-mukhasar fi ilm al-hiyyah, fi cause of the earth’s existence in the center of al-Sama, invalidation of the rules of astrology and fi abad al-zahira for objects.
logic and wisdom
Some of the works related to the logic and wisdom of this great scientist include Al-Asharah and Al-Tanbihat, Al-Ansaf, Risalah Al-Muhadud, Al-Hamka Al-Thawrasiyya, Al-Hikma Al-Mashrakiya, Kitab Shefa, Al-Taliqat, Ayun Al-Hikma, Al-Najah and others. This great sage also conducted researches in natural sciences and correctly stated how the mountains were formed.
Death of Ibn Sina
In a period of his life, Abu Ali Sina traveled to the city of Isfahan, which he dreamed of seeing for many years. He lived peacefully in this beautiful city for 15 years, but this peace was not permanent. Because Isfahan was attacked by the son of Sultan Mahmud Ghaznavi, Massoud Ghaznavi. During this attack, unfortunately, some important works of this great scientist were lost.
This incident gave a great blow to Abu Ali Sina. Since colic was bothering him, he decided to return to Hamadan and spend the rest of his life in this city.
Sheikh al-Rais’s friends always invited him to relax and work less; But he believed that a short and wide life is better than a long and narrow life. In the last days of his life, this great sage gave away all his property and freed his slaves, then he stayed at home for the last three days of his life and read the Quran. Abu Ali Sina finally passed away at the age of 57 on the 2nd of Tir 416 AH (22 June 1037) and was buried in Hamedan, Iran.
Where is the tomb of Ibn Sina?
The tomb of the most famous and important Iranian scientist, Abu Ali Sina, who is famous worldwide, is located in the city of Hamadan. Ibn Sina’s tomb is one of the most important tourist attractions of Hamedan city and every year many travelers enter Hamedan to visit this historical place.
It is interesting to know that the first tomb of this great sage was built during the Qajar era and by the order of a girl named Negar who was the granddaughter of Fath Ali Shah Qajar.
The preparations for the construction of the current building of this scientist were made in 1322. Its architecture was done by an Iranian engineer named Hoshang Sihun. It should be mentioned that the grave of Aref Qazvini, the famous poet of Iran Zamin, is located in the vicinity of this mausoleum.
Ibn Sina Library
One of the most interesting and important parts of Ibn Sina’s tomb is its library. This library initially contained only 649 books, but later, because Abu Ali Sina was world famous, many scientific circles of the world participated in its establishment.
Currently, this library has more than 8000 exquisite Iranian and foreign handwritten and printed books. Of course, some booths are also dedicated to the works of Abu Ali Sina and other poets and writers of Hamadani.
Ibn Sina Museum
The Ibn Sina Museum was built in 1960 in the southern hall of the tomb and it houses coins, pottery, bronzes and other discovered objects, some of which are related to thousands of years before Christ and others are related to the Islamic era.
Access route to Abu Ali Sina tomb
To access the tomb of this great scientist, you must enter the city of Hamedan and go to Abu Ali Sina square. You can use public transportation to go to this place and get off at Abu Ali Sina Square station.
The time and cost of visiting Ibn Sina’s tomb
You can visit this place on all days of the week except for official holidays. The visiting time of Ibn Sina’s tomb is from 8:30 am to 8 pm in the first half of the year and from 8:30 am to 5 pm in the second half of the year. Also, the ticket price is 3,0000 Rials for Iranian citizens and 20,0000 Rials for foreign citizens.
Attractions around the tomb
Near the tomb of Hakim Abu Ali Sina, there are various attractions. We suggest you visit to spend your free time and get to know more. In the following, we will introduce these attractions and their approximate distance from the tomb:
- Hegmatane Museum: at a distance of three kilometers
- Mafakher Museum: at a distance of three kilometers
- Tomb of Baba Tahir: at a distance of three kilometers
- Ganjnameh Collection: at a distance of 9 kilometers
National Doctors’ Day and different namings after Ibn Sina
The first day of Shahrivar (March 30th), which coincides with the birthday of the great sage Abu Ali Sina, is named as the doctor’s day. The name of this great scientist has been placed on various places. For example, there are hospitals named after Abu Ali Sina in Tehran, Shiraz, Isfahan, Mashhad, as well as in Istanbul, Harare and Bouyenne, France.
Among the other places where the name of this great philosopher has been placed, we can mention the following:
- A surgery center in New York
- A Chinese Medicine College in East Sussex, England
- A medical college in Pakistan
- An international college in Hungary
- International Journal of Biotechnology in Tehran
- A research institute in Tehran
- Several schools and educational centers in Iran
Frequently Asked Questions
What is Ibn Sina best known for?
Abu Ali Sina was a great physician, mathematician, astronomer, physicist, chemist, geographer, geologist, poet, logician and philosopher.
Where is the tomb of Abu Ali Sina?
Ibn Sina’s birthday coincides with what day?
What are the most famous works of Abu Ali Sina?
The Book of Healing and The Canon of Medicine